A Multi-GPU Programming Model for Grid-based Computations

AbstractWe present Neon, a new programming model for grid-based computation with an intuitive, easy-to-use interface that allows domain experts to take full advantage of single-node multi-GPU systems. Neon decouples data structure from computation and back end configurations, allowing the same user code to operate on a variety of data structures and devices. Neon relies on a set of hierarchical abstractions that allow the user to write their applications as if they were sequential applications, while the runtime handles distribution across multiple GPUs and performs optimizations such as overlapping computation and communication without user intervention. We evaluate our programming model on several applications: a Lattice Boltzmann fluid solver, a finite-difference Poisson solver and a finite-element linear elastic solver. We show that these applications can be implemented concisely and scale well with the number of GPUs—achieving more than 99% of ideal efficiency.

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