The Limits of Expert Performance Using Hierarchic Marking Menus


A marking menu allows a user to perform a menu selection by either popping-up a radial (or pie) menu, or by making a straight mark in the direction of the desired menu item without popping-up the menu. A hierarchic marking menu uses hierarchic radial menus and “zig-zag” marks to select from the hierarchy. This paper experimentally investigates the bounds on how many items can be in each level, and how deep the hierarchy can be, before using a marking to select an item becomes too slow or prone to errors.

Download publication

Related Resources

See what’s new.



Leveraging Community-Generated Videos and Command Logs to Classify and Recommend Software Workflows

Users of complex software applications often rely on inefficient or…



Automatic Extraction of Function Knowledge from Text

This paper presents a method to automatically extract function…



A Marking Based Interface for Collaborative Writing

We describe a system to support a particular model of document…



Benefits of Visualization in the Mammography Problem

Trying to make a decision between two outcomes, when there is some…

Get in touch

Something pique your interest? Get in touch if you’d like to learn more about Autodesk Research, our projects, people, and potential collaboration opportunities.

Contact us